- 1.2History of cities - Heritage
- 1.3Urban Housing
- 1.4Rural Housing
- 2LEGAL ASPECTS
- 2.1Right to Housing
- 2.2Forced Eviction
- 2.3Land Right
- 2.4Land Grabbing
- 2.5Vulnerable Groups
- 2.6Some interesting practices
- 3SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ASPECTS
- 3.1Housing Market
- 3.2Quality of Housing
- 3.3Informal Housing / Slum / Homeless
- 4ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
- 4.1Public Housing
- 5ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS
- 6SOCIAL MOVEMENTS
- 6.1Major Problems
- 6.2Major Claims
- 6.3Civil Society Actors
History of cities – Heritage
Right to Housing
Since 1991 – Article 78 of the Constitution: The State creates conditions for citizens to obtain adequate housing.
Source: CETIM – publication COHRE (1)
At the same time, a definition of an adequate dwelling was introduced in the housing law of the year 1991. An updated definition is established in the new housing law in 2003, wherein an apartment is adequate for living when it satisfies the building standards, has the residence permit and has to have a separate sleeping and living part (except in the cases of a flatlet), has to satisfy the dwelling needs of the owner of tenants in the common housekeeping and satisfy the surface normative under the regulations from the 87th article of this law (that is the article that defines the non for profit apartments).
Moreover, according to the Article 88 of the housing law, the entities responsible for the allocation of housing units for temporary solution for housing needs of socially vulnerable persons are the following: a municipality, the state, a public housing fund or a nonprofit housing organization. When a new housing unit becomes available, the service cross-checks the legitimization for allocation and subsequently rents it to whom the social burden is the heaviest, and under the condition that the size of the unit corresponds to the number of family members.
Slovenia ratified the Revised European Social Charter on 07/05/1999 accepting 95 of the Revised Charter’s 98 paragraphs, including the Article 31 on the right to housing. Slovenia ratified the Additional Protocol providing for a system of collective complaints on 07/05/1999, but it has not yet made a declaration enabling national NGOs to submit complaints.
Source : FEANTSA, 2012 (2)
Some interesting practices
SOCIAL AND ECONOMICAL ASPECTS
According to INSEE, in 2007, 80% of Slovenian households owned their homes (EU average = 65%).
– THE “ERASED” : While some positive steps have been taken, the authorities still do not guarantee the rights of some inhabitants of the land from other republics of the former Yugoslavia and unlawfully removed from the Slovenian registry of permanent residents in 1992 . This resulted in violations of economic and social rights of the persons concerned. Some of them were also deported. (Source: Amnesty International – Report 2012) (2).
– ROMA : Despite a number of positive steps from the government, the majority of Roma still do not enjoy adequate housing. Many Roma lived together in slums or makeshift camps, often in isolated rural areas, on land for which they had no security of tenure. In informal settlements, they were not immune to forced evictions and had no access to public services, including sanitation. In some municipalities, Roma were forced to fetch water (for consumption, cooking and toilet) in polluted rivers or public taps stations and cemeteries.
Source: Amnesty International – Report 2012 (3)
Quality of Housing
Informal Housing / Slum / Homeless
ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES
Definition and situation in 2012
In Slovenia ‘social housing’ is official defined as ‘non-profit rented dwelling’x and it is addressed to people on low to middle income. At present, social housing represents about 6% of the national housing stock. This is considered as new social housing, as opposed to the concept of social housing used before the 1991, in the context of the former socialist periodx. In 1991, two arrangements were established, social housing (provided by municipalities and targeting only very low-income people) and non-profit housing (for low to middle-income households). The two programmes were merged into one in 2003 (although different tenants still have different arrangements), and the same year the Housing Fund of the Republic of Slovenia was created. The Housing Fund’s main tasks are provision of loans, being a co-investor and a partner in public-private partnerships.
How does it work ?
Currently social housing providers are municipalities as well as 60 registered not-for-profit organisations. Municipalities or groups of municipalities often set up a municipal housing fund.
Non-profit rents cannot exceed prescribed limits, expressed as the percentage of the value of housing unit. Furthermore, upon entering the sector, new tenants have to pay a participation fee (unless their income is particularly low). For service users below certain income thresholds, the rent is split between the tenant and the municipal housing department.
To be eligible, tenants must be citizens of Republic of Slovenia, they have to have certain housing and social conditions and must pay participation fee and guarantee deposit. Priority is given to families with children, households with unemployed members, young persons and families, disabled, and to claimants whose profession or activity is considered as important for the local community.
Source : CECODHAS Report 2012