Rwanda

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ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT

HISTORY

DEMOGRAPHY

SOCIO-ECONOMICAL CONTEXT

Rwanda came under the international spotlight when ethnic rivalry between Hutus and Tutsis came to a head in 1994. The genocide left 800,000 people dead, 2 million displaced and crippled the country’s fragile economic base. Rwanda is still in a state of recovery, made worse by its involvement in the conflict in neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo.

Despite having good prospects for economic development, providing for basic needs remains one of Rwanda’s greatest challenges. The country is the most densely populated in Africa. 84 percent of the population live on less than US$2 a day and can barely afford basic necessities. Home improvement is a luxury most people cannot afford and poverty housing is endemic. A mere 41 percent of the population has access to improved sanitation. (Habitat for Humanity)

HABITAT

HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE

URBAN HOUSING

RURAL HOUSING

RIGHT TO HOUSING

Before the arrival of settlers in Rwanda, the land was governed by customary law. colonizers have established written law, subject to certain customary rules remained in force. This means that the colonizers have applied a dualist. Thus, certain lands were governed by customary law, while others were under the written law.

Sources :

  • I Bazubahande, De la propriété foncière au Rwanda, examen de la précarité des droits coutumiers, mémoire de licence, Butare, UNR 1987.
  • Mémoire en ligne d’Evariste Nsengiyumva, Independent Iinstitute of Lay Adventiste of Kigali, Rwanda, 2008

FORCED EVICTION

LAND RIGHTS

LAND GRABBING

VULNERABLE GROUPS

  • Homelessness
  • Joungpeople
  • Old people
  • Women

SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES

Social and economic aspects

HOUSING MARKET

QUALITY OF HOUSING

INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic

Environmental aspects

Bibliography & Sitography

MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY

CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY

CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS

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