Lesotho

This page has been translated with Google Translation

ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT

HISTORY

GEOGRAPHY

Lesotho (La-SUE-too), also known as the “roof of Africa”, is a mountainous country with a vast range of altitudes. The lowest elevation in the country is still above 3,000 feet, making it the world’s highest ‘minimum elevation’ of any nation on earth! During the winter months, snow covers much of the mountain ranges and makes working outdoors difficult. Only 0.5 percent of Lesotho is forested. Because of this, obtaining coal, kerosene or straw for heating during these months is strenuous and challenging. (Habitat for Humanity)

SOCIO-ECONOMICAL CONTEXT

Challenges in the textile and agriculture sectors, in addition to the high rate of HIV/AIDS make it difficult for families to afford safe and decent shelter. Over 40 percent of women between the ages of 25 and 39 years are infected, and 53 percent of children are orphans. These dilemmas encourage many families to migrate to larger cities in search of stable employment. (Habitat for Humanity)

HABITAT

HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE

In many instances, arriving in the capital with little money and even less formal training makes it hard to find work and housing. Families end up living in overcrowded, unsafe and unhealthy conditions. As many as fifteen families may share one latrine and often children play near open sewage. Women are particularly vulnerable due to the patriarchal traditions. Recent legislation has permitted women to inherit property, but due to the lack of widespread knowledge many are unaware of these rights and have little hope of ever having a place to call their own. The Ministry of Local Government reports that more than 45,000 units of decent, affordable housing are needed to resolve the current crisis in the capital district alone!

Source : Habitat for Humanity

URBAN HOUSING

RURAL HOUSING

RIGHT TO HOUSING

The right to housing is not in the Constitution of Lesotho. However, some articles (Chapter III) show that the state should implement policies to encourage citizens to acquire property, including land and houses.

FORCED EVICTION

LAND RIGHTS

LAND GRABBING

VULNERABLE GROUPS

  • Homelessness
  • Joungpeople
  • Old people
  • Women

SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES

Social and economic aspects

HOUSING MARKET

QUALITY OF HOUSING

INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic

Environmental aspects

Bibliography & Sitography

MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY

CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY

CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS

  • HABITAT FOR HUMANITY IN LESOTHO = Habitat for Humanity Lesotho launched its program in 2001 and has worked in seven of the ten districts. These districts are located in both the lowlands and the foothills of the Mountain Kingdom. HFH Lesotho constructs block and brick homes consisting of corrugated iron roofs. Homes range from either a single-room addition to three-roomed houses. All houses have a detached latrine. HFH Lesotho also advocates on behalf of vulnerable groups, such as OVC and widows, by disseminating information about inheritance and property rights as well as providing will registration assistance. WebsiteContact them

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