Kyrgyzstan

URBANIZATION

History of cities – Heritage

Urban housing

Rural housing

LEGAL ASPECTS

Right to housing

No “housing right” in the Constitution, but property right and housing social support :

Article 25

  1. Housing shall be inviolable. Deprivation of housing shall not be permitted unless otherwise stipulated by a court decision. Penetration into housing, its inspection and search shall be permitted only in cases and according to the procedure stipulated by law.
  2. Conditions shall be created in the Republic of Kazakhstan to provide citizens with housing. Citizens in need of housing shall be categorized in a manner to be prescribed by law and provided with housing at an affordable price from the state housing funds in accordance with the norms stipulated by law.

Article 26

  1. Citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan may privately own any legally acquired property
  2. Property, including the right of inheritance, shall be guaranteed by law.
  3. No one may be deprived of his property unless otherwise stipulated by a court decision. Forcible alienation of property for the public use in extraordinary cases stipulated by law may be exercised on condition of its equivalent compensation.
  4. (…)

USEFUL TOOLS:

Land Law

Land Grabbing

USEFUL TOOLS

Vunerable groups

Some interesting practices

  • Habitat for Humanity Kyrgyzstan has developed a construction project in cane wood, local material. This innovative project was awarded the World Bank in 2006. (1)

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS

Housing market

Quality of housing

An estimated 40% of the population of Kyrgyzstan living below the poverty line. This explains why, since we are in a country with harsh winters, families often spend more financial resources to be heated to buy food. Since the collapse of the Soviet system, benefits granted to families once stopped, leaving them with far fewer resources to deal with housing problems. (1)

Nearly 70% of the population lives in substandard housing or are downright homeless. Families suroccupent housing where it is not uncommon for three generations live together in one room without heat or water. (1)

Informal housing / Slum / Homeless

INFORMAL HOUSING

Because of the conflict (2010), some displaced people were accommodated in tents pitched near their destroyed homes and others were staying with host families or in collective centres. UNHCR and its shelter partners has completed the construction of 1,301 transitional shelters (built on the foundations of destroyed houses). The objective is to facilitate the reintegration of these residents on their own property in their neighbourhoods of origin. (2)

These families, however, have no security of tenure and live in degrading habitats. Many poor have no access to basic services: they lack clean water, sanitation, etc. (1)

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Social -Public housing

Other public helps

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS

Bibliography & Sitography

  1. Habitat for Humanity Kyrgystan
  2. UNHCR report, 2011 – http://www.unhcr.org/4e032ff39.pdf

FROM CIVIL SOCIETY

Major problems

Major claims

Some civil actors

  • HABITAT FOR HUMANITY = Kyrgyzstan humanitarian non-profit association whose aim is to eradicate Habitat poverty and homelessness. To do this, they build and renovate housing worldwide, offer packages of micro-credit and loans, help clean up homes, advocate for affordable housing for all. Kyrgyzstan, they offer aid to finish, insulation and sanitation of dwellings. They have a special program for families with a mentally handicapped people. Website : http://www.habitat.elcat.kg/

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