Estonia

ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT

HISTORY

DEMOGRAPHY

SOCIO-ECONOMICAL CONTEXT

HABITAT

HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE

URBAN HOUSING

RURAL HOUSING

RIGHT TO HOUSING

FORCED EVICTION

LAND RIGHTS

LAND GRABBING

VULNERABLE GROUPS

  • Homelessness
  • Joungpeople
  • Old people
  • Women

SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES

Social and economic aspects

HOUSING MARKET

According to INSEE, in 2007, 83% of Estonian households owned their homes (EU average = 65%).

QUALITY OF HOUSING

INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

PUBLIC HOUSING

Definition and situation in 2012

According to the National Housing Development Plan 2008-2013, social housing in Estonia consists of rented housing provided mainly by municipalities to households in need and in disadvantaged situation, who are unable to secure housing for themselves and their families. It should be pointed out though that often the term « social housing » is used with a wider meaning in national housing support programmes, to include residential buildings and housing associations. Due to the high privatization rate, a large part of less advantaged groups are owners of their dwellings and live in condominiums organized in housing associations (about 60% per cent of the population are members of such associations).

Social rental housing in Estonia currently represents only about 1% of the total housing stock in the country and the overall rental sector is very small. About 96% of the dwelling stock is currently in private ownership.

How does it work ?

Local governments are responsible for evaluating the need for so- cial housing services and provide housing to those in need. Rental social housing is currently provided only by municipalities, despite the fact that the legal framework would allow for other types of providers as well.

Furthermore, the state allocates housing allowances to unemployed people and to families with many children. People with very low income can get support for utilities payment (electricity, water, etc.).

Access to the service is organised via social welfare departments of local district administrations all over Estonia.

Source : CECODHAS Report 2012

Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic

Environmental aspects

Bibliography & Sitography

MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY

CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY

CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS

  • TALLINNA HOOLEKANDE KESKUS = non-profit organization which aims to implement the social policy of the Republic of Estonia, among others for its accession to the European Union. This is to promote access to social goods such as housing, conduct training and study. She runs a center for homeless and special services to seniors. Informations via site FEANTSASite de TallinnaLes contacter

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