Djibouti

This page has been translated with Google Translation

ELEMENTS OF CONTEXT

HISTORY

DEMOGRAPHY

The Republic of Djibouti has a high rate of urbanization considerable, with 75-80% of the population living in cities. This country since 1977 immigration intense and massive settlement of nomadic or transhumant. From all the region (Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia), this immigration is almost entirely drained by the city which hosts nearly 10,000 new residents each year! (2)

SOCIO-ECONOMICAL CONTEXT

HABITAT

HISTORY OF CITIES – HERITAGE

TRADITIONAL HABITAT

At the foot of Moussa Ali, on the border between Ethiopia and Eritrea, the local people live in houses made ​​of animal skins stretched over a wooden frame. these homes are easily removable and transferable to camel. In addition, they protect relatively heat as nomads in the region use a lot. This type of housing can move quite often. It is this type of habitat throughout this territory crushed heat. (1)

URBAN HOUSING

in the outskirts of the city of Djibouti where pastors led disaster, the habitat is characterized by a uniform physiognomy, the combination of recycled materials such as tin rolled the wooden and corrugated iron. Republic of Djibouti, the traditional habitat has not survived the settlement of nomads. But the real reason, almost unconscious of this change of habitat seems to be the following. Renouncing urban transpose their traditional habitat, Afar and Somali pastoralists seem to accept that and change their sedentary lifestyle. (2)

RURAL HOUSING

RIGHT TO HOUSING

FORCED EVICTION

LAND RIGHTS

According to the decree of 8 September 1925, Article 15, “in places where the administration has not yet proceeded to the subdivision, the government can deliver on the proposal of the head of the District to anyone who requests it, a permit immediate and temporary occupation of land at the risk of the applicant who is allowed to build buildings that easily removable.”

Rural pastors never install Somali camp on the three types of sites:

  • God’s way (a law with natural hazards);
  • The path of the devil (Route that might take the enemy);
  • The way of man (busy road). (2)

LAND GRABBING

VULNERABLE GROUPS

  • Homelessness
  • Joungpeople
  • Old people
  • Women

SOME INTERESTING PRACTICES

Social and economic aspects

HOUSING MARKET

QUALITY OF HOUSING

INFORMAL HOUSING / SLUM / HOMELESS

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Cultural aspects – Religious – Symbolic

Environmental aspects

Bibliography & Sitography

  1. Pictures from Africa – habitat local à Djibouti
  2. Habitat temporaire en République de Djibouti, Amina Saïd Chire, 2001 – Download the study

MAJOR PROBLEMS BY CIVIL SOCIETY

CLAIMS MAJOR CIVIL SOCIETY

CIVIL SOCIETY ACTORS

You may also like...