Bangladesh

URBANIZATION

History of Cities – Heritage

Dhaka is the capital of the country and the largest city of Bangladesh. With its colorful history and rich cultural traditions, Dhaka is known throughout the world as the city of mosques and mausoleums. His fame has attracted, through the ages, travelers from far away. Today, Dhaka is a city of about 8.5 mega million people, with an area of ​​about 1353 square kilometers. It has become the hub of industry at the national, commercial, cultural, educational and political levels. Dhaka is located in the geographical center of the country. It is located in the great deltaic region of the Ganges and Brahmaputra. The city is in a monsoon climatic zone, with an average annual temperature of 25 ° C (77 ° F) and monthly averages ranging from 18 ° C (64 ° F) in January to 29 ° C (84 ° F) in August. Nearly 80% of the average annual rainfall of 1854 mm (73 in) is between May and September. Dhaka is the world leader in rice production. Its industries include textiles (jute, cotton) and food processing, especially rice. A variety of other consumer goods are also manufactured there. Muslim influence is reflected in the more than 700 mosques as well as in historic buildings. The University of Dhaka (1921) and several technical schools are also present in town.

Urban Housing

Rural Housing

LEGAL ASPECTS

Right to Housing

Since 1972, the right to housing has been enshrined in the Constitution (Article 15) :

It is the fundamental responsibility of the State to ensure, through planned economic growth, a steady increase in the productive forces and a steady improvement in the material and cultural standard of living of the people in order to secure their citizens: a) The provision of vital needs, such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical assistance. Source: CETIM (publication COHRE)

Forced Eviction

USEFUL TOOLS:

Land Law

Land Grabbing

USEFUL TOOLS

Vulnerable Groups

  • Old People
  • Young People
  • Women

Some Interesting Practices

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS

Housing Market

Quality of Housing

Informal Housing / Slum / Homeless

ROLE OF PUBLIC AUTHORITIES

Social Housing

ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS

Bibliography & Sitography

SEEN BY SOCIAL MOVEMENTS

Major Problems

Major Claims or Demands

Some Civil Society Actors

 

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